Background Reading

Review Articles: Medical Grade PEEK

Kurtz SM, Devine JN. PEEK biomaterials in trauma, orthopedic, and spinal implants. Biomaterials 2007;28(32):4845-4869. This review has an extensive bibliography with 199 references.

Green SM, Schlegel J. A polyaryletherketone biomaterial for use in medical implant applications. Polymers for the Medical Industry Proceedings, Brussels, 14th-15th May 2001:1-7. Click here to download a pdf of the review paper, made available with the permission of the author.

Ramakrishna S, Mayer J, Wintermantel E, Leong K. Biomedical applications of polymer-composite materials: a review. Composites Science and Technology 2001;61:1189-1224.

Review Articles: Properties and Mechanical Behavior of PEEK

Searle OB, Pfeiffer RH. Victrex Poly(ethersulfone) (PES) and Victrex Poly(etheretherketone) (PEEK). Polym Eng Sci 1985;25(8):474-476.

Jones DP, Leach DC, Moore DR. Mechanical properties of poly(ether-ether-ketone) for engineering applications. Polymer 1985;26:1385-1393.

Original Articles: Biocompatibility of PEEK

Toth JM, Wang M, Estes BT, Scifert JL, Seim HB, 3rd, Turner AS. Polyetheretherketone as a biomaterial for spinal applications. Biomaterials 2006;27(3):324-334.

Scotchford CA, Garle MJ, Batchelor J, Bradley J, Grant DM. Use of a novel carbon fibre composite material for the femoral stem component of a THR system: in vitro biological assessment. Biomaterials 2003;24(26):4871-4879.

Rivard CH, Rhalmi S, Coillard C. In vivo biocompatibility testing of PEEK polymer for a spinal implant system: a study in rabbits. J Biomed Mater Res 2002;62(4):488-498.

Hunter A, Archer CW, Walker PS, Blunn GW. Attachment and proliferation of osteoblasts and fibroblasts on biomaterials for orthopaedic use. Biomaterials 1995;16(4):287-295.

Williams DF, McNamara A, Turner RM. Potential of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and carbon-fibre-reinforced PEEK in medical applications. J Mat Sci Letters 1987;6:199-190.

Original Articles: Biotribology of PEEK

Joyce TJ, Rieker C, Unsworth A. Comparative in vitro wear testing of PEEK and UHMWPE capped metacarpophalangeal prostheses. Biomedical materials and engineering 2006;16(1):1-10.

Howling GI, Sakoda H, Antonarulrajah A, Marrs H, Stewart TD, Appleyard S, et al. Biological response to wear debris generated in carbon based composites as potential bearing surfaces for artificial hip joints. J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2003;67(2):758-764.

Wang A, Lin R, Stark C, Dumbleton JH. Suitability and limitations of carbon fiber reinforced PEEK composites as bearing surfaces for total joint replacements. Wear 1999;225-229:724-727.

Original Articles: Properties and Mechanical Behavior of PEEK

Rae PJ, Brown EN, Orler EB. The mechanical properties of poly(ether-ether-ketone) (PEEK) with emphasis on the large compressive strain response. Polymer 2007;48:598-615.

Godara A, Raabe D, Green S. The influence of sterilization processes on the micromechanical properties of carbon fiber-reinforced PEEK composites for bone implant applications. Acta Biomater 2007;3(2):209-220.

Nisitani H, Noguchi H, Kim YH. Evaluation of fatigue strength of plain and notched specimens of short carbon-fiber reinforced polyetheretherketone in comparison with Polyetheretherketone. Engineering Fracture Mechanics 1992;43(5):685-705.

Brillhart M, Botsis J. Fatigue fracture behavior of PEEK: 2. Effects of thickness and temperature. Polymer 1992;33:5225-5232.

Brillhart M, Botsis J. Fatigue fracture behavior of PEEK: 1. Effects of load level. Polymer 1991;32:1605-1611.

Cebe P, Hong SD. Crystallization behaviour of polyetheretherketone. Polymer 1986;27(8):1183-1192.